Importance of regional planning pdf

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Importance of regional planning pdf

Regional planning deals with the planning of areas which constitutes both urban and rural areas.

importance of regional planning pdf

The term regional planning is associated with Urban Planning, the difference remains in the area being discussed. Urban Planning, city planning or town planning concerns a city or a delimited urban area which covers a city or town, however a regional plan can have number of urban areas.

The Importance of Regional Planning That Matters

It can cover from a single city or urban area to multiple cities under a region. Thus towns, villages, uninhabited areas, forests, wastelands, rivers and other natural features also forms a part of regional plan. Regional plans may cut across the various state boundaries too.

This requires different government and municipalities to work together for mutual and overall benefit. Regional plan is formed to govern and regulate the growth of a region. It becomes of particular importance when the growth is surrounding a major city. In such cases the city or major urban area becomes the central point or the starting area of a regional plan.

It caters to the growing needs of the city, as well as the requirement and future demands of the surrounding area. This helps in much more balanced growth of the whole reason and aids the growth of city. The city and surrounding region are in support of each other and gains their own importance and functional nature over the time.

Regional plans take into account the existing condition of an area and all the surrounding areas. The urban area or the core area might have its own development plan in place for its growth and in such cases the existing plan is also taken into account. The existing plan helps in understanding the vision and growth of the existing urban areas and helps in formulating better policies for the surrounding area.

Regional plan might help the existing urban area by decongesting it by catering to the need of satellite cities or developing nearby regions for industrial units.

Regional planning also aims at reducing the conflicts and wastage of resources in the area by eliminating the unnecessary competition of resources within the reason. Proper and planned distribution of resources helps in maximum utilization of resources. It takes into account the economic, environmental, spatial and socioeconomic aspects of the region. The functional linkages are also stronger and more efficient. Regional planning not only helps in spatial and policy level aspects but also acts as a connecting link in policy implementations.

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Policies framed ina country are meant for urban area, rural area sand various other unclassified areas too, all these are taken care of by means of regional plans. City planning focuses on the land use plans, spatial growth and policies which are at local level affecting that particular city or townwhereas in case of regional planning the emphasis on the policies is more.

Those policies becomes the guidelines for the urban areas and their existing plans are modified accordingly. This helps in meeting the larger requirement of the whole region. City planning looks as a limited area when compared to a regional plan. Regional plan covers rural areas and undeveloped areas too which are usually not covered in town plans.

The categories, chapters, topics and aspects covered in both plans also differs because of the different needs and the existing developments. Village area, forests, undeveloped land and waste land might be completely missing from a city plans whereas it forms an important part of regional plan. A city or any area might grow in size and hamper the development on its surrounding area. Over the decades it starts competing with the surrounding areas and this results in imbalance.

It creates economic as well as functional disbalance in areas. Increases migration, decreases efficiency, results in undue waste of resources and might also find it difficult to meet its needs. To prevent such imbalance regional plans are very much required. It helps in reducing disparities, promoting growth, promoting sustainable development, economic growth of collective region based on its potential. Also, issue of migration is also solved to an great extent because the required facilities are more evenly distributed rather than being concentrated in a specific urban area.Today, the United States is investing the most it ever has in infrastructure and capital improvement projects at any time since the Marshall Plan, when America fueled the reconstruction of European economies in the aftermath of World War II.

But unless this historic investment occurs efficiently and effectively, it will not only fall short of our expectations, but in fact lead to bigger, more expensive problems over time. But taxpayer expectations—which were uniformed to begin with—are largely unsatisfied.

In the frantic rush to solve big problems, our nation has neglected the most critical component of any successful solution: a plan. The economic gain created by federal stimulus dollars has had little long-term value because little or no planning has been done to think strategically about how and where these investments should occur. This is evidenced by the fact that at a time when the rest of the world is experiencing rapid urbanization, our nation continues to struggle with a trend in the opposite direction: shrinking cities.

This phenomenon finds its roots in the Interstate Highway Act, which has proved to be the single largest force in shaping the development of urban centers in the US. The highway program, which was intended to improve access to our great cities, also made it easier to sprawl outside of our urban confines.

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Once-thriving industrial cities like Detroit and St. Neglecting planning today is hugely egregious because, at the forefront of the discipline, there are innovations that have rendered the process more efficient and effective than ever before.

Gone are the days of garden cities and urban renewal which assumed good planning can only occur on virgin or cleared land. Today, good planning is defined by strategies that integrate a complex spectrum of social, economic, and environmental sustainability goals, united in a common vision shared by an equally complex spectrum of stakeholders. Planning must be transformational in order to be effective—and, today, it can be with the introduction of new technologies that are making the profession of planning more relevant than ever before.

This enables the planning process to dynamically test a range of scenarios, taking into account the impacts of identified variables. By providing this rapid feedback on the consequences of decisions, the modeling allows communities to be directly engaged in an innovative, dynamic planning process.

Social media is also playing an increasing role in the planning world, engaging a wider audience in facilitating a productive discussion about their collective future.

For the first time in history, this program created a collaboration between the HUD, DOT, and EPA offices by placing emphasis on planning as a tool to link infrastructure spending decisions to key outcomes such as economic development, social equity, and environmental sustainability.

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However, the value of this investment in planning cannot be understated and the timing has been critical. Fortunately, Somerville sought a HUD grant to consider long-term sustainable growth issues related to the transit project: job creation, transit-oriented development, and affordable housing. This is a prime example of how good planning can instill a sense of values and priorities to manage expectations and make smart investments in our collective future.

Regional planning is also experiencing a revival as a result of the HUD program. By partnering with the DOT, HUD regional planning grants have made it possible to explore the true impacts of major transportation projects on local communities. In Central Iowa, a robust highway network makes it possible for anyone living in the square-mile Greater Des Moines region to get anywhere by car in 20 minutes or less.

While this is perceived as a key characteristic of quality of life in Greater Des Moines, the decades of planning focused on where the next major interchange will go has led to a declining urban population, diminished agricultural resources, and a development pattern that has significant impacts on flooding and water quality in the region.

Central Iowa is about to change all that, having just adopted the Sasaki-led regional planning effort called The Tomorrow Planone of 42 HUD-funded regional planning efforts currently underway or recently completed across the country.

Click thumbnail for an explanation of how a regional stormwater approach could use natural processes to carry out the functions of traditionally built systems, resulting in cleaner, more stable watersheds.Why big-picture planning that saves natural resources, woodlands, and farmland can be the key to sustainable success. I will discuss it more below, but you can tell how well-conceived it is just by looking at the amount of protected land it saves while accommodating a tremendous amount of regional growth in population and jobs.

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Planning at the regional scale is critical. As our economic, land use and transportation patterns have evolved over the last century, metropolitan areas have become increasingly important. In most parts of the country, the political boundaries established by municipalities long ago are no longer relevant to businesses' or residents' activities, to say nothing of environmental media such as air and water. As a result, to meaningfully influence environmental impacts associated with development, land use, and transportation, we must act at a level where central cities and suburbs can be considered together.

As President Barack Obama has put it"that is the new metropolitan reality and we need a new strategy that reflects it. At least with respect to land use, this is not a novel idea. Most U. For example, in the American Planning Association praised the sustainability features of an environmentally sensitive regional plan for Baltimore County, Maryland:. The approach to ecological design and growth management represents a pioneering effort to direct growth away from sensitive ecological features such as the valley floors, steep slopes, woodlands, and fertile soils through a combination of growth boundaries, restricted sewer and water expansion, conservation design, and restrictive zoning that remains progressive to this day.

The previous year, the federal Environmental Planning Agency bestowed a smart growth award on a plan called Envision Lancaster County Pennsylvanianoting that it directs new development to defined urban and village growth areas in existing communities in order to spare the farmland, rural areas, and natural landscapes that define the county's character.

The plan also promotes reinvestment in the county's cities and towns and encourages more compact, interconnected neighborhoods while preserving open space, protecting water resources, and providing for greater housing and transportation choices. Those are excellent planning and growth management principles. And sometimes these plans cover a lot of ground, quite literally: the metropolitan planning organization for the Dallas-Fort Worth area recently adopted an award-winning plan for the country's fourth largest metropolitan region, covering 12, square miles and encompassing more than individual communities.

In bestowing an award on the plan's framework for accommodating a doubling in population bythe American Planning Association praised both the results and the process of an effort that "creates a framework for innovative sustainable development" in the region. The problem is that the history of sprawl and unsustainable land use in America is largely a history of good plans ignored and overridden. We don't have a lack of good plans as much as a lack of good implementation of plans that, ultimately, are largely advisory in nature.

We have a lack of plans that matter. There are a few places on the continent where planning matters more. As I alluded at the top of the post, the Canadian province of Ontario has adopted an excellent and enforceable growth management framework for the "Greater Golden Horseshoe" region surrounding Toronto and Hamilton.

The plan requires that at least 40 percent of new growth be accommodated within the boundaries of existing development, with transect -based densities for different parts of the region.

Where greenfield development must occur, it must create complete communities, with development configurations and streets that support transit services, walking, biking, parks, and a mix of housing and jobs. And it must be built to a scale that makes efficient use of land, accommodating a minimum of about 20 residents and jobs per acre.To browse Academia.

Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Olusegun Falola. Bolanle Wahab. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or otherwise, without permission in writing from the copyright owner. The opinions expressed in these chapters are not necessarily those of the Editors or the publisher.

Jinadu and O. The initiative was instituted as an avenue for capacity building of members of this Institute and allied professionals. Every year, themes and issues that are topical and contemporary are identified and competent and versatile resource persons are sourced to present training materials on various aspects of the theme of discussion at the programme. The aim and objectives of this programme include: a Generating, disseminating and imparting knowledge on contemporary issues with a view to enriching the information base and improving the professional competence of town planners, related professionals in the built environment, and the general public; b Exposing participants to emerging concepts, trends and techniques in the built environment.

Regional planning is an important tool in accelerating physical and economic growth in regions as well as in balancing development among geographic regions. It is, therefore, a vital instrument for promoting growth, equity and inclusiveness among the population. This will help them accomplish their economic agendas, promote balanced development in the states and orderly settlements growth and development.

I equally recommend this publication to all urban and regional planners, development planning and management experts and students. Finally, I wish to commend the resource persons and the editors of this publication for the good work done in making this possible.

I had the honour of being the President of the TOPREC in the periodwhen the professional development programme in reference was held.

As the President of the Council, it was my prerogative to influence the selection of the right person to head and guide the operations of the MCPDP for that year. The choice of the theme for that edition became compelling by providence, through a casual encounter I had with a top official from the presidency, in the later part of We were on the same flight to Abuja and had passionately shared opinions on current issues on the burner of our country Nigeria, including the President's Seven-Point Agenda.

I ended up by soliciting that opportunity be given to the town planning profession to come in to make it work effectively better. His display of official ignorance on the availability of regional planners, their role and the benefits that would accrue from employing regional planners and embracing regional planning in redressing regional imbalance and national development, shook me to the core.

Regional Planning and Development in Nigeria, now in our hands, is a logical and praiseworthy testimony of the development on the foundation laid at the MCPDP.Image Curtsey: ormondrankin. All organizations whether it is the government, a private business or small businessman require planning.

To turn their dreams of increase in sale, earning high profit and getting success in business all businessmen have to think about future; make predictions and achieve target. To decide what to do, how to do and when to do they do planning. In simple words we can say, planning bridges the gap between where we are standing today and where we want to reach. Planning involves setting objectives and deciding in advance the appropriate course of action to achieve these objectives so we can also define planning as setting up of objectives and targets and formulating an action plan to achieve them.

importance of regional planning pdf

Another important ingredient of planning is time. Plans are always developed for a fixed time period as no business can go on planning endlessly. Planning starts with the determination of objectives. We cannot think of planning in absence of objective. After setting up of the objectives, planning decides the methods, procedures and steps to be taken for achievement of set objectives. Planners also help and bring changes in the plan if things are not moving in the direction of objectives.

For example, if an organisation has the objective of manufacturing washing machines and in one month only 80 washing machines are manufactured, then changes are made in the plan to achieve the final objective. Planning is the primary or first function to be performed by every manager.

The Importance of Development Plans/Land Use Policy for Development Control

No other function can be executed by the manager without performing planning function because objectives are set up in planning and other functions depend on the objectives only. For example, in organizing function, managers assign authority and responsibility to the employees and level of authority and responsibility depends upon objectives of the company.

Similarly, in staffing the employees are appointed. The number and type of employees again depends on the objectives of the company.

Economic Planning – Meaning, Features, Objectives, Importance, and Types

So planning always proceeds and remains at no. Planning is required at all levels of the management. It is not a function restricted to top level managers only but planning is done by managers at every level. Formation of major plan and framing of overall policies is the task of top level managers whereas departmental managers form plan for their respective departments. And lower level managers make plans to support the overall objectives and to carry on day to day activities.

Planning always means looking ahead or planning is a futuristic function. Planning is never done for the past. All the managers try to make predictions and assumptions for future and these predictions are made on the basis of past experiences of the manager and with the regular and intelligent scanning of the general environment.

Planning is a never ending or continuous process because after making plans also one has to be in touch with the changes in changing environment and in the selection of one best way. So, after making plans also planners keep making changes in the plans according to the requirement of the company.

For example, if the plan is made during the boom period and during its execution there is depression period then planners have to make changes according to the conditions prevailing. The planning function is needed only when different alternatives are available and we have to select most suitable alternative. We cannot imagine planning in absence of choice because in planning function managers evaluate various alternatives and select the most appropriate.

But if there is one alternative available then there is no requirement of planning. For example, to import the technology if the licence is only with STC State Trading Co-operation then companies have no choice but to import the technology through STC only. It is mental exercise. Planning is a mental process which requires higher thinking that is why it is kept separate from operational activities by Taylor.

In planning assumptions and predictions regarding future are made by scanning the environment properly. This activity requires higher level of intelligence.

Secondly, in planning various alternatives are evaluated and the most suitable is selected which again requires higher level of intelligence.Regional Planning encompasses even larger area when compared to city planning ; Number of cities might be covered when considering a region but rural area remains at the core for which planning is to be done.

Along with rural areas many lower level towns in addition to the villages witnessing transformation to towns also adds up to area for which regional plans are made. Regional plans can cut across the boundaries of different states. In the image below the four black marks highlight 4 different cities which are covered under the same regional plan NCR — National Capital Region. Fulfilling the needs of a backward region and providing higher order services for relatively developed areas.

Strategies are formulated carefully to keep the goods and resources available to all the places as per their requirements. Regional planning also helps in reducing the conflicts and competition for resources between cities in a region.

Developing small towns or satellite towns helps in relieving the stress from higher order town thus increasing efficiency. Regional plans takes into account the economic, spatial and environmental goals and tries to address national level issues. Integrated development and critical analysis of functional linkages is one of the key to achieve the desired growth. Unlike city planning where land use plans are prepared regional planning lays emphasis on policy for the region.

Policies are them elaborated and objectives are formed which differ from area to area within the region. Regional plans are a must when cities start to influence development even in far places which might end up in under-utilization and wastage of resources without proper planning.

Polices have a larger and longer impact on the overall growth of region and might conflict with the land use plan or plan prepared for a specific city; Generally a new body is formed which takes up the work of coordinating between all the individual departments working in the region especially with the development authorities and local bodies.

Government intervention such as implementing a new scheme or policy for a region can also boost the growth perspectives and aide the policy prepared by regional board. Reduced disparities help directly and indirectly by reducing forced migration, reducing trip lengths, providing better and more job opportunities in nearby areas, having the required services instead of letting them emerging randomly.

A special economic zone SEZ are also established to support the growth of a region and attract investments. UPADSD aims to bring together, scientists, urban planners, architects and other stakeholders from across the globe to discuss the latest scientific advances in the field.

Tags city planning department of planning planning planning and development regionalism architecture town planning urban and regional planning urban planning urban region. Your email address will not be published. Related Articles. Shubham Aggarwal. Founder of PlanningTank is Urban Planner from India working to improve the human settlements through the website. PlanningTank is the Urban, Regional, and Rural Planning Knowledge base which provides insight into to urban and rural areas.

It focuses on educating, engaging and developing the community.

importance of regional planning pdf

Previous What is City Planning. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.A GIS is a computer system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present a variety of spatial and geographical data.

This computer system is very important especially when it comes to planning. It has been used in a variety of industries to help in planning and monitoring. We take a look at some of its importance in the space of planning. Telecom and network services : GIS plays an extremely important role in the telecoms and network services. It is used in planning, collecting, analyzing and storing the complex network designs that are needed to come up with a working architecture in the field of telecoms.

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Urban planning : Urban planning is one of the most important uses of GIS in planning. It can be used to analyze the urban growth and its direction during expansion.

This data can then be used to scale up the growth of the urban area and help avoid chaos that might be caused by congestion. Transportation planning : GIS also comes in handy in the area of transportation. This is done especially where new transportation facilities need to be developed within an already congested city.

GIS can be used to map out the areas where the facilities will be built so as to avoid congestion. Environmental impact analysis : GIS plays an important role in the environmental impact analysis process.

After the analysis, the data in GIS can then be used to inform policy that will be used to plan an area to reduce the human effects on the land which causes environmental degradation. Agricultural planning : GIS plays an important role in agricultural planning. GIS can be used to provide information that can be used to plan what crops need to be grown in what areas of the farm depending on the soil structure and soil composition.

Land use planning : Land use planning will depend on the information provided by GIS in deciding which part of the land should be subjected to what land use. It becomes easier to know what crops will thrive on what part of the land and this helps in improving yields. Surveying : GIS provides information about land that can be used during land surveying to determine the vastness of the land and the nature of the soil and the soil structure within the area.

This also plays an important role in deciding what use the land will be put to.


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